Last Line of Defence Recommendations

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The Last Line of Defence: A Review of Ontario’s New Protections for Species at Risk

This Special Report, submitted to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario on February 24, 2009, reviews Ontario’s new Endangered Species Act, 2007 and recommends additional steps by the Government of Ontario to protect and recover species at risk and their habitats.


Click on a recommendation to read it in the original context.

Recommendation #1

The Environmental Commissioner of Ontario recommends that the Government of Ontario establish a statutory responsibility for monitoring and reporting on the state of the province’s biodiversity.

Recommendation #2

The Environmental Commissioner of Ontario recommends that MNR ensure that recovery teams and management teams be composed of members with the necessary expertise who are acting independently.

Recommendation #3

The Environmental Commissioner of Ontario recommends that the Endangered Species Act, 2007 be amended to require the preparation of government responses for all listed species of special concern, in order to outline its specific conservation actions for all of Ontario’s species at risk.

Recommendation #4

The Environmental Commissioner of Ontario recommends that MNR ensure that expiry dates be used to ensure the periodic evaluation of permits, agreements and other instruments issued pursuant to the Endangered Species Act, 2007 or its regulations.

Recommendation #5

The Environmental Commissioner of Ontario recommends that all instruments that may be issued pursuant to the Endangered Species Act, 2007 and its regulations be prescribed under the Environmental Bill of Rights, 1993.

Recommendation #6

The Environmental Commissioner of Ontario recommends that MNR expand its Conservation Land Tax Incentive Program to provide financial incentives to private landowners to protect the habitat of a broader range of species at risk, including for recovery purposes.

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